Diamond Education

The 4 C’s of Diamonds – Carat, Clarity, Color and Cut

The most important physical properties to look for in a diamond are referred to as the “4C’s” – Carat, Clarity, Color and Cut. The concept behind the 4C’s is that all of these qualities work together to create the best diamond for you.

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Diamond Cut

Cut refers to not only the shape of the diamond, but its proportions and finish, two key factors which determine the sparkle of the diamond. A diamond can only be cut by another diamond; therefore the cut is completely in the hands of a skilled diamond cutter.

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Diamond Carrot Size

Carat refers to the weight of a diamond as expressed in carats. The word carat originated from the carob tree – the tiny seeds of this tree are well known for their uniformity and consistent weight. Traditionally, diamonds and gemstones were weighed against these seeds until the system was standardized, and one carat was fixed at 0.2 grams.

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Diamond Color

Although diamonds appear to be clear and without color, most diamonds have hints of yellow or brown. When referring to a diamond’s color, this generally means the internal color of a diamond.

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Diamond Clarity

A diamond’s clarity refers to how pure the diamond is internally in terms of being free of flaws. To determine a diamond’s clarity, an expert views it under 10x magnification. The number of flaws found internally is called inclusions and external defects are called blemishes. Inclusions can be a result of mineral deposits, irregular crystals, flaws or cracks.

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Physical Attributes of a Diamond

Purchasing a diamond is one of the most exciting and expensive investments you will make so it is best to educate yourself about the physical properties of a diamond, particularly the anatomy. As your knowledge about the physical attributes of a diamond grows, so does your ability to purchase the best possible diamond as well as stay within your budget.

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What Makes a Diamond Look So Beautiful?

The qualities that make a diamond so visually appealing and beautiful are sparkle and brilliance. While the 4C’s are very important, the quality of a diamond’s Cut in particular is very important to creating brilliance, sparkle, and flashes of fire.

Learn What Makes a Diamond Look So Beautiful

What is the difference between a Diamond Grading Report and an Appraisal?

A diamond’s physical attributes should be graded by a reliable independent lab such as GIA or AGS which issue a Diamond Grading Report or Certificate. This report does not give you the retail replacement value that you need for insurance purposes. You may also receive an appraisal or assessment of your stone from a jewelry store or independent appraiser. Both are important, but be sure to get the Diamond Grading Report rather than just an appraisal before purchasing your very special diamond.

Learn the difference between a Diamond Grading Report and an Appraisal

Manufacturing the Diamond

A great deal of planning, patience, wisdom and experience goes into transforming the world’s hardest material into the beautiful diamonds. Diamond cutting is the art, skill and, increasingly, science of changing a diamond from a rough stone into a faceted gem. Diamond cutting requires specialized knowledge, tools, equipment, and techniques because of its extreme hardness.

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How to Save Real Money Buying Diamonds

The insider secrets of saving money when buying a diamond.

Learn How to Save Real Money When Buying Diamond Jewelry

What are Synthetic and Man-Made Diamonds?

Synthetic diamonds are man-made stones. These stones were first produced in the early 1950’s for mainly industrial purposes. Only recently have synthetic diamonds become available for commercial, retail purposes. Synthetic diamonds are produced in a laboratory and they essentially have the same chemical composition and crystal structure of a natural diamond. Their physical and visual properties are almost the same as a natural stone as well. Synthetic diamonds are referred to as “lab grown”, “lab created”, “created”, and “man made”. We do offer the Sogmotu Star Stone this is a type of man made diamond, which has a lifetime warranty of never getting cloudy, even in shower, pool, or spa water.

Learn about Synthetic Diamonds